While there is lot of debate around whether hyperlocal deliveries are sustainable or not, I believe they have brought about a revolutionary change in how we consume food today — several of us, including me, are heavily dependent on it (irrespective of discounts and offers).
Let’s look at some basic unit economics — The average ticket size of a meal or grocery order in India is not high enough for restaurant owner to pay INR 45–60 per delivery to 3PL hyperlocal delivery companies. Question which arises then is, should the deliveries move in-house or the focus be maintained on business and leave logistics to 3PLs? If the scale is large, then moving deliveries in-house would seem like a viable option however it will take away a significant focus from your business as handling logistics is not a trivial job and especially when delivery times are in the range of 30–45 minutes. Majority of businesses have been using 3PLs and would continue to use them.
What can make hyperlocal 3PLs more sustainable?
One of the things which, I believe, can help hyperlocal 3PLs is real time order clubbing. This can help 3PLs in achieving per delivery profitability (Even if average number of deliveries per person per trip goes from 1 → 1.25, revenue goes up from 50–55 INR per trip to INR 62.5–68.75). As the order density and scale of 3PL’s increases, average number of deliveries per person per trip will keep going up which in turn makes 3PLs competitive in pricing, leading to more business.
Although for a single business, clubbing will only make sense if order density is high. Hence, order clubbing across multiple businesses while maintaining customer SLAs for all different businesses is equally important.
Larger businesses (higher ticket size and higher scale) require higher service standards leading them to pay higher per delivery rate to 3PLs vs smaller businesses. This makes smaller businesses vulnerable to customer dissatisfaction (missing SLAs, improper communication etc) owing to poor service standards by 3PLs. Cross subsidisation can be a solution to this — smaller businesses can take advantage of already moving 3PL drivers with orders and assign them orders at lower cost. Bigger businesses will be able to keep a tab on delivery rates as 3PLs will be able to accommodate orders from smaller businesses who in turn will be able to use 3PLs at lower delivery rates. I see everybody benefiting from this.
All this is of-course is easier said than done but team Locus has solved this.